Causes of Dark Spots
There are various reasons why people are suffering from dark spots, some are caused by genetic abnormalities while some dark spots are caused by environmental factors.
Dark spots could occur because of Melasma, Riehl’s melanosis, Erythromelanosis follicularis as well as post inflammatory hyper pigmentation.There are also kinds of spots that have been caused by chemical discoloration, there are certain products that can cause damage on the skin.
The dark spots and blotches on the face could be reduced by putting on medical treatment and natural cures that make use of ingredients like plants, herbs and vegetables as well as other extracts from nature.
Removing dark spots:
1. In removing dark spots Papaya can be used.
Papaya can be cut in half, seeds removed and the pulp applied on the face. The pulp would then be peeled on the surface and then left to dry for 15 to 20 minutes and then rinsed off with clean lukewarm water afterwards.
This treatment could be done 3x a week to enhance the possibility of removing the dark spot.
2. Use facial masks
If preparing fruits are hard to do for some due to lack of time, there are already prepared facial masks that target the removal of dark spots.Check for facial masks and creams that make use of natural ingredients and extracts like pomegranate and cherries.
3. The use of sour milk and buttermilk brown spots
Natural ingredients like sour milk as well as buttermilk could also be used. Brown spots and other types of discoloration could also be removed with the help of applying these ingredients on the affected area. The ingredients can be used to wash the face, apart from removing the discoloration it can also remove acne and help the skin become smoother.
4. Proper skin care
Over exposure to sunlight could be causing the dark spots, there are certain products that could be used to avoid causing harmful chemicals and UV rays from entering the skin. Most of the time discoloration could be avoided using prevention.The use of sunblock and avoiding too much sun exposure will do good for the skin. Avoiding putting products that have too much chemicals on them is also highly advisable.
5. Visit a dermatologist
If the discoloration is taking years to remove despite all of the treatments being applied to it, it is the time to visit the Dermatologist and undergo skin testing. There are certain underlying diseases that could be causing skin discoloration.A dermatologist has to be consulted in order to prevent further damage to the skin,
6. Avail of Laser treatments
Before having a laser treatment, make sure to get the opinion of a dermatologist. They would be able to advice if the laser treatment is safe and necessary. Fractional lasers could be used as well as Q-switched to clean the dark spots on the skin.
7. Use skin lightening creams
Creams that contain Kojic acid, azelaic acid, retinol and hydroquinone could be used to make the skin whiter and to remove the skin irritations and skin rashes. Before using these products make sure to consult a dermatologist first.